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BALLOT MEASURE
FULL TEXT OF MEASURE Y


ORDINANCE NO. 5274
AN ORDINANCE OF THE COUNTY OF MONTEREY, STATE OF
CALIFORNIA, ADDING CHAPTER 7.100 TO THE MONTEREY COUNTY CODE IMPOSING A COMMERCIAL CANNABIS BUSINESS TAX ON COMMERCIAL CANNABIS BUSINESS

County Counsel Summary

This ordinance adds Chapter 7.100 to the Monterey County Code to impose a County general tax on commercial cannabis businesses in the unincorporated area of Monterey County as of January 1, 2017.  The ordinance establishes the following tax rates: for cultivation, the tax rate is $15 per fiscal year per square foot of authorized canopy through June 30, 2020, to increase to $25 per square foot by June 30, 2022, and to increase thereafter based on the Consumer Price Index; for nursery cultivation, the tax rate is $1.50 per square foot of authorized canopy through June 30, 2020, to increase to $5 per square foot by June 30, 2022, and to increase thereafter based on the Consumer Price Index; and for all other commercial cannabis businesses, including dispensaries, manufacturing, testing, transporting, distributing, and delivery, the tax rate is five percent of gross receipts per fiscal year through June 30, 2020, to increase thereafter by two and one-half percent per fiscal year, not to exceed a maximum tax rate of ten percent per fiscal year on gross receipts. The tax applies to commercial medical cannabis businesses, and if legalized under state law, to nonmedical cannabis or marijuana businesses.  Personal cultivation and personal use, as further delineated in the ordinance, are exempt from the tax. The ordinance contains payment and reporting requirements and enforcement provisions and authorizes the County Treasurer-Tax Collector to administer the tax.  The tax is for general governmental purposes and will go into effect only if the tax is approved by a majority of the voters voting on the tax at an election.

The Board of Supervisors of the County of Monterey ordains as follows:

SECTION 1.  Chapter 7.100 is added to the Monterey County Code to read as follows:

Chapter 7.100
COMMERCIAL CANNABIS BUSINESS TAX

Sections:
7.100.010  Title.
7.100.020  General tax.
7.100.030  Purpose of the ordinance.
7.100.040  Definitions.
7.100.050  Tax imposed.
7.100.060  Reporting and remittance of tax.
7.100.070  Payments and communications –timely remittance.
7.100.080  Payment – when taxes deemed delinquent.
7.100.090  Notice not required by County.
7.100.100  Penalties and interest
7.100.110  Refunds and credits.
7.100.120  Refunds and procedures.
7.100.130  Exemptions from the tax.
7.100.140  Administration of tax.
7.100.150  Appeal procedure.
7.100.160  Enforcement –action to collect
7.100.170  Apportionment.
7.100.180  Constitutionality and legality.
7.100.190  Audit and examination of records and equipment.
7.100.200  Other licenses, permits, taxes or charges.
7.100.210  Payment of tax does not authorize unlawful business.
7.100.220  Deficiency determinations.
7.100.230  Failure to report – nonpayment and fraud.
7.100.240  Tax assessment –notice of requirements.
7.100.250  Tax assessment – hearing, application, and determination.
7.100.260  Conviction for chapter violation – taxes not waived.
7.100.270  Violation deemed misdemeanor –penalty.
7.100.280  Severability.
7.100.290  Remedies cumulative.
7.100.300  Amendment or repeal.

7.100.010              Title.

This ordinance shall be known as the Commercial Cannabis Business Tax Ordinance.  This ordinance shall be applicable in the unincorporated territory of the County of Monterey, which shall be referred to herein as “County.”

7.100.020              General tax.

The Commercial Cannabis Business Tax is enacted solely for general governmental purposes for the County and not for specific purposes.  All of the proceeds from the tax imposed by this Chapter shall be placed in the County's general fund and used for general governmental purposes.

7.100.030        Purpose of the ordinance.

            This ordinance is adopted to achieve the following purposes, among others, and directs that the provisions hereof be interpreted in order to accomplish those purposes:

            A.        To impose a tax on the privilege of cultivating, dispensing, producing, processing, preparing, storing, providing, donating, selling, or distributing medical cannabis or medical cannabis products by commercial cannabis businesses in the unincorporated area of the County, pursuant to the state Medical Marijuana Regulation and Safety Act, specifically California Business and Professions Code section 19348;           

B.        To impose a tax on the privilege of cultivating, manufacturing, producing, processing, preparing, storing, providing, donating, selling, or distributing nonmedical  marijuana and marijuana products and accessories  by commercial cannabis businesses in the unincorporated area of the County if the “California Control, Regulate and Tax Adult Use of Marijuana Initiative” is approved by the voters in the November 2016 election, or if nonmedical  marijuana activity otherwise becomes legal in the State of California, notwithstanding if state law uses the term “marijuana” or “cannabis”;

C.        To impose a tax on lawful commercial cannabis business in accordance with the authority granted by California Revenue and Taxation Code section 7284 to impose a business license tax;

D.        To specify the type of tax and rate of tax to be levied and the method of collection; and

            E.         To comply with all requirements for imposition of a general tax, such tax to become operative only if submitted to the electorate and approved by a majority vote of the voters voting in an election on the issue.
           
7.100.040        Definitions.

The following words and phrases shall have the meanings set forth below when used in this Chapter: 

A.        “Business” shall include all activities engaged in or caused to be engaged in within the unincorporated area of the County, including any commercial or industrial enterprise, trade, profession, occupation, vocation, calling, or livelihood, whether or not carried on for gain or profit, but shall not include the services rendered by an employee to his or her employer. 

B.        “Cannabis” means all parts of the plant Cannabis sativa Linnaeus, Cannabis indica, or Cannabis ruderalis, whether growing or not; the seeds thereof; the resin, whether crude or purified, extracted from any part of the plant; and every compound, manufacture, salt, derivative, mixture, or preparation of the plant, its seeds, or resin.  “Cannabis” also means the separated resin, whether crude or purified, obtained from cannabis.  “Cannabis” also means marijuana as defined by Section 11018 of the California Health and Safety Code and is not limited to medical cannabis.

C.        “Cannabis product” means raw cannabis that has undergone a process whereby the raw agricultural product has been transformed into a concentrate, an edible product, or a topical product. “Cannabis product” also means marijuana products as defined by Section 11018.1 of the California Health and Safety Code and is not limited to medical cannabis products.

D.        “Canopy” means all areas occupied by any portion of a cannabis plant, inclusive of all vertical planes, whether contiguous or noncontiguous on any one site.  The plant canopy does not need to be continuous on any premise in determining the total square footage which will be subject to tax.

E.         “Commercial cannabis business” means any commercial business activity relating to cannabis, including but not limited to cultivating, transporting, distributing, manufacturing, compounding, converting, processing, preparing, storing, packaging, delivering, and selling (wholesale and/or retail sales) of cannabis and any ancillary products and accessories in the unincorporated area of the County, whether or not carried on for gain or profit.

 F.        “Commercial cannabis business tax,”  “business tax,” or “commercial cannabis tax” means the tax due pursuant to this Chapter for engaging in commercial cannabis business in the unincorporated area of the County.

G.        “Commercial cannabis cultivation” means cultivation conducted by, for, as part of a commercial cannabis business.

H.        “County permit” means a permit issued by the County to a person to authorize that person to operate or engage in a commercial cannabis business.  The term “County permit” includes a commercial medical cannabis permit issued pursuant to Chapter 7.90 of the Monterey County Code, and if nonmedical marijuana business becomes legal under state law, the term “County permit” includes such permit as County may require to operate or engage in nonmedical commercial cannabis business.  

I.          “Cultivation” means any activity involving the planting, growing, harvesting, drying, curing, grading, or trimming of cannabis.

J.          “Delivery” means the commercial transfer of cannabis or cannabis products from a dispensary.

K.        “Dispensary” means a facility where cannabis, cannabis products, or devices for the use of cannabis or cannabis products are offered, either individually or in any combination, for retail sale, including an establishment that delivers cannabis and cannabis products as part of a retail sale.

L.         “Distributor” or “distribution” or “distribution facility” means a person or facility involved in the procurement, sale, and/or transport of cannabis and cannabis products between permitted or licensed entities.

M.        “Employee” means each and every person engaged in the operation or conduct of any business, whether as owner, member of the owner's family, partner, associate, agent, manager or solicitor, and each and every other person employed or working in such business for a wage, salary, commission, barter or any other form of compensation.

N.        “Engaged in business” means the commencing, conducting, operating, managing or carrying on of a cannabis business and the exercise of corporate or franchise powers, whether done as owner, or by means of an officer, agent, manager, employee, or otherwise, whether operating from a fixed location in the unincorporated area of the County or coming into the unincorporated area of the County from an outside location to engage in such activities.  A person shall be deemed engaged in business within the County if:

1.         Such person or person’s employee maintains a fixed place of business within unincorporated area of the County for the benefit or partial benefit of such person;

2.         Such person or person’s employee owns or leases real property within the unincorporated area of County for business purposes;

3.         Such person or person’s employee regularly maintains a stock of tangible personal property in the unincorporated area of County for sale in the ordinary course of business;

4.         Such person or person’s employee regularly conducts solicitation of business within the unincorporated area of County;

5.         Such person or person’s employee performs work or renders services in the unincorporated area of County; and

6.         Such person or person’s employee utilizes the streets within the unincorporated area of County in connection with the operation of motor vehicles for business purposes. 

The foregoing specified activities shall not be a limitation on the meaning of “engaged in business.”

O.        “Evidence of doing business” means evidence such as, without limitation, use of signs, circulars, cards or any other advertising media, including the use of internet or telephone solicitation, or representation to a government agency or to the public that such person is engaged in a cannabis business in the unincorporated area of County.

P.         “Fiscal year” means July 1 through June 30 of the following calendar year.

Q.        “Gross Receipts,” except as otherwise specifically provided, means the total amount actually received or receivable from all sales; the total amount or compensation actually received or receivable for the performance of any act or service, of whatever nature it may be, for which a charge is made or credit allowed, whether or not such act or service is done as a part of or in connection with the sale of materials, goods, wares or merchandise; discounts, rents, royalties, fees, commissions, dividends, and gains realized from trading in stocks or bonds, however designated.  Included in "gross receipts" shall be all receipts, cash, credits and property of any kind or nature, without any deduction there from on account of the cost of the property sold, the cost of materials used, labor or service costs, interest paid or payable, or losses or other expenses whatsoever, except that the following shall be excluded therefrom:

1.         Cash discounts where allowed and taken on sales;

2.         Credit allowed on property accepted as part of the purchase price and which property may later be sold, at which time the sales price shall be included as gross receipts;

3.         Any tax required by law to be included in or added to the purchase price and collected from the consumer or purchaser;

4.         Such part of the sale price of any property returned by purchasers to the seller as refunded by the seller by way of cash or credit allowances or return of refundable deposits previously included in gross receipts;

5.         Receipts from investments where the holder of the investment receives only interest and/or dividends, royalties, annuities and gains from the sale or exchange of stock or securities solely for a person's own account, not derived in the ordinary course of a business;

6.         Receipts derived from the occasional sale of used, obsolete or surplus trade fixtures, machinery or other equipment used by the taxpayer in the regular course of the taxpayer's business;

7.         Cash value of sales, trades or transactions between departments or units of the same business;

8.         Whenever there are included within the gross receipts amounts which reflect sales for which credit is extended and such amount proved uncollectible in a subsequent year, those amounts may be excluded from the gross receipts in the year they prove to be uncollectible; provided, however, if the whole or portion of such amounts excluded as uncollectible are subsequently collected they shall be included in the amount of gross receipts for the period when they are recovered;

9.         Transactions between a partnership and its partners;

10.       Receipts from services or sales in transactions between affiliated corporations. An affiliated corporation is a corporation:

a.         The voting and non-voting stock of which is owned at least eighty percent by such other corporation with which such transaction is had; or

b.         Which owns at least eighty percent of the voting and non-voting stock of such other corporation; or

c.         At least eighty percent of the voting and non-voting stock of which is owned by a common parent corporation which also has such ownership of the corporation with which such transaction is had.

11.       Transactions between a limited liability company and its member(s), provided the limited liability company has elected to file as a Subchapter K entity under the Internal Revenue Code and that such transaction(s) shall be treated the same as between a partnership and its partner(s) as specified in Subsection (9) above;

12.       Receipts of refundable deposits, except that such deposits when forfeited and taken into income of the business shall not be excluded when in excess of one dollar;

13.       Amounts collected for others where the business is acting as an agent or trustee and to the extent that such amounts are paid to those for whom collected.  These agents or trustees must provide the finance department with the names and the addresses of the others and the amounts paid to them. This exclusion shall not apply to any fees, percentages, or other payments retained by the agent or trustees.

R.        “Manufacturer” means a person that conducts the production, preparation, propagation, or compounding of cannabis products either directly or indirectly or by extraction methods, or independently by means of chemical synthesis at a fixed location that packages or repackages cannabis or cannabis products or labels or relabels its container, that holds a valid County permit.

S.         “Nursery” means a person that produces only clones, immature plants, seeds, and other agricultural products used specifically for the planting, propagation, and cultivation of cannabis.

T.         “Person” means an individual, firm, partnership, joint venture, association, corporation, limited liability company, estate, trust, business trust, receiver, syndicate, or any other group or combination acting as a unit, whether organized as a nonprofit or for-profit entity, and includes the plural as well as the singular number. 

U.        “Personal medical cannabis cultivation” means cultivation by a qualified patient who cultivates one hundred (100) square feet total canopy area or less of cannabis exclusively for his or her personal medical use but who does not provide, donate, sell, or distribute cannabis to any other person.  “Personal medical cannabis cultivation” also includes cultivation by a primary caregiver who cultivates one hundred (100) square feet total canopy area or less of cannabis exclusively for the personal medical purposes of no more than five (5) specified qualified patients for whom he or she is the primary caregiver, but who does not receive remuneration for these activities except for compensation in full compliance with Section 11362.765(c) of the California Health and Safety Code, as it may be amended.

V.        “Sale” means and includes any sale, exchange, or barter.

X.        “Square foot” or “square footage” means the maximum amount of canopy for commercial cannabis cultivation authorized by a County permit issued to a person engaging in commercial cannabis business, or by a state license in the absence of a County permit or license, not deducting for unutilized square footage, and shall be the basis for the tax base for cultivation. 

Y.        “State” means the State of California.

Z.         “State license,” “license,” or “registration” means a state license issued pursuant to California Business & Professions Code Sections 19300, et seq. or other applicable state law.
           
AA.     “Testing laboratory” means a facility, entity, or site in the state that offers or performs testing of cannabis or cannabis products and that is both of the following:

1.         Accredited by an accrediting body that is independent from all other persons involved in the cannabis industry in the state; and

2.         Registered with the California State Department of Public Health.

BB.      “Transport” means the transfer of cannabis or cannabis products from the permitted business location of one permittee or licensee to the permitted business location of another permittee or licensee, for the purposes of conducting commercial cannabis activity authorized pursuant to state law.

CC.      “Transporter” means a person issued all required state and County permits to transport cannabis or cannabis products between permitted facilities.

DD.     “Treasurer-Tax Collector” means the Treasurer-Tax Collector of the County of Monterey, his or her deputies or any other County officer charged with the administration of the provisions of this Chapter.

7.100.050        Tax imposed.

            A.        There is established and imposed a commercial cannabis business tax at the rates set forth in this Chapter.

B.        Tax on commercial cannabis cultivation except nurseries.

1.         Every person who is engaged in commercial cannabis cultivation in the unincorporated area of the County shall pay an annual commercial cannabis business tax. The initial tax rate effective January 1, 2017 through June 30, 2020 for commercial cannabis cultivation, excluding nurseries, shall be set at fifteen dollars ($15.00) per fiscal year, per square foot of canopy authorized by each County permit, or by each state license in the absence of a County permit, not deducting for unutilized square footage.  The square footage shall be the maximum square footage of canopy allowed by the County permit for commercial cannabis cultivation, or, in the absence of a County permit, the square footage shall be the maximum square footage of canopy for commercial cannabis cultivation allowed by the state license type.  In no case shall canopy square footage which is authorized by the permit or license but not utilized for cultivation be deducted for the purpose of determining the tax for cultivation.  

2.         Beginning on July 1, 2020, such tax rate shall automatically increase each fiscal year by five dollars ($5.00) per square foot of authorized canopy, not to exceed the maximum tax rate of twenty-five dollars ($25.00) per square foot.   Beginning on July 1, 2022 and on July 1 of each succeeding fiscal year thereafter, the amount of each commercial cannabis business tax imposed by this subsection shall be increased by the most recent change in the annual average of the Consumer Price Index (“CPI”) for all urban consumers in the San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose areas as published by the United States Government Bureau of Labor Statistics.  However, no CPI adjustment resulting in a decrease of any tax imposed by this subsection shall be made.

C.        Tax on cultivation of cannabis as a nursery.

1.         Every person who is engaged in cultivation of cannabis as a nursery as defined in this Chapter in the unincorporated area of the County shall pay an annual commercial cannabis business tax.  The initial tax rate effective January 1, 2017 through June 30, 2020 shall be set at two dollars ($2.00) per square foot of canopy authorized by each County permit, or by each state license in the absence of a County permit, not deducting for unutilized square footage.  The square footage shall be the maximum square footage of canopy allowed by the County permit for cultivation of cannabis as a nursery, or, in the absence of a County permit, the square footage shall be the maximum square footage of canopy for cultivation of cannabis as a nursery allowed by the state license type.  In no case shall canopy square footage which is authorized by the permit or license but not utilized for cultivation as a nursery be deducted for the purpose of determining the tax for cultivation as a nursery.  

2.         Beginning on July 1, 2020, such tax rate shall automatically increase each fiscal year by one dollar and fifty cents ($1.50) per square foot of canopy utilized for cannabis cultivation as a nursery, not to exceed the maximum tax rate of five dollars ($5.00) per square foot per annum.  Beginning on July 1, 2022 and on July 1 of each succeeding fiscal year thereafter, the amount of each commercial cannabis business tax imposed by this subsection shall be increased by the most recent change in the annual average of the Consumer Price Index (“CPI”) for all urban consumers in the San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose areas as published by the United States Government Bureau of Labor Statistics.  However, no CPI adjustment resulting in a decrease of any tax imposed by this subsection shall be made.

D.        Tax on all other commercial cannabis businesses.

1.         Every person who is engaged in business as a dispensary, manufacturer, testing laboratory, transporter, distributor, or distribution facility, or engaging in delivery of cannabis in the unincorporated area of the County shall pay an annual commercial cannabis business tax.  The initial tax rate effective January 1, 2017 through June 30, 2020 shall be set at five percent (5%) of the gross receipts per fiscal year.
2.         Beginning on July 1, 2020, such tax rate shall automatically increase each fiscal year by two and one half percent (2.5%), not to exceed the maximum tax rate of ten percent (10%) per fiscal year on gross receipts.
7.100.060        Reporting and remittance of tax.
The commercial cannabis business tax imposed by this Chapter shall be imposed on a fiscal year basis and shall be due and payable in quarterly installments as follows:
A.        Each person owing a commercial cannabis business tax shall, on or before the last day of the month following the close of each fiscal year quarter, prepare and submit a tax statement on the form prescribed by the Treasurer-Tax Collector and remit to the Treasurer-Tax Collector the tax due.  The tax due shall be no less than the quarterly installment due, but the taxpayer may at any time pay the tax due for the entire fiscal year.  Each business shall pay on or before the last day of the month following the close of each calendar quarter. 
B.        If the commercial cannabis business tax is owed on commercial cannabis cultivation, the square footage tax due shall be paid based on the square footage of cultivation authorized by the County permit.  The tax will not be prorated or adjusted for any reduction in the square footage authorized but not utilized for cultivation.  If the cultivation begins in the middle of a fiscal year, the Treasurer-Tax Collector shall prorate, in monthly increments, the amount due for the fiscal year.
C.        All tax statements shall be completed on forms prescribed by the Treasurer-Tax Collector. 
D.        Tax statements and payments for all outstanding taxes owed the County are immediately due to the Treasurer-Tax Collector upon cessation of business for any reason.
E.         The Treasurer-Tax Collector may, at his or her discretion, establish shorter report and payment periods for any taxpayer as the Treasurer-Tax Collector deems necessary to insure collection of the tax.
F.         The Treasurer-Tax Collection may, as part of administering the tax and in his or her discretion, modify the form of payment and take such other administrative actions as needed to facilitate collection of the tax.           
7. 100.070       Payments and communications – timely remittance.
Whenever any payment, statement, report, request or other communication  is due, it must be received by the Treasurer-Tax Collector on or before the final due date. A postmark will not be accepted as timely remittance.  If the due date falls on Saturday, Sunday or a holiday, the due date shall be the next regular business day on which the County is open to the public.
7.100.080        Payment - when taxes deemed delinquent.
            Unless otherwise specifically provided under other provisions of this Chapter, the taxes required to be paid pursuant to this Chapter shall be deemed delinquent if not received by the Treasurer-Tax Collector on or before the due date as specified in Sections 7.100.060 and 7.100.070.
7.100.090        Notice not required by the County. 
            The Treasurer-Tax Collector is not required to send a delinquency or other notice or bill to any person subject to the provisions of this Chapter.  Failure to send such notice or bill shall not affect the validity of any tax or penalty due under the provisions of this Chapter.
7.100.100        Penalties and interest.
A.        Any person who fails or refuses to pay any commercial cannabis business tax required to be paid pursuant to this Chapter on or before the due date shall pay penalties and interest as follows:
1.         A penalty equal to twenty-five percent (25%) of the amount of the tax, in addition to the amount of the tax, plus interest on the unpaid tax calculated from the due date of the tax at the rate of one and one-half percent (1.5%) per month; and
2.         If the tax remains unpaid for a period exceeding one calendar month beyond the due date, an additional penalty equal to twenty-five percent (25%) of the amount of the tax , plus interest at the rate of one and one-half percent (1.5%) per month on the unpaid tax and on the unpaid penalties.
3.         Interest shall be applied at the rate of one and one-half percent (1.5%) per month on the first day of the month for the full month, and will continue to accrue monthly on the tax and penalty until the balance is paid in full.
B.        Whenever a check or electronic payment is submitted in payment of a commercial cannabis business tax and the payment is subsequently returned unpaid by the bank for any reason, the taxpayer will be liable for the tax amount due plus any fees, penalties and interest as provided for in this Section, and any other amount allowed under state law.
7.100.110        Refunds and credits.
            A.        No refund shall be made of any tax collected pursuant to this Chapter, except as provided in Section 7.100.120. 
            B.        No refund of any tax collected pursuant to this Chapter shall be made because of the discontinuation, dissolution, or other termination of a business.
7.120.120        Refunds and procedures.
A.        Whenever the amount of any commercial cannabis business tax, penalty or interest has been overpaid, paid more than once, or has been erroneously collected or received by the County under this Chapter, it may be refunded to the claimant who paid the tax provided that a written claim for refund is filed with the Treasurer-Tax Collector within one (1) year of the date the tax was originally due and payable.
B.        The Treasurer-Tax Collector, his or her deputies or any other County officer charged with the administration of this Chapter shall have the right to examine and audit all the books and business records of the claimant in order to determine the eligibility of the claimant to the claimed refund.  No claim for refund shall be allowed if the claimant refuses to allow such examination of claimant's books and business records after request by the Treasurer-Tax Collector to do so.
C.        In the event that the commercial cannabis business tax was erroneously paid and the error is attributable to the County, the County shall refund the amount of tax erroneously paid up to one (1) year from when the error was identified.           
7.100.130        Exemptions from the tax.
            A.        The provisions of this Chapter shall not apply to personal medical cannabis cultivation.
            B.        If the “California Control, Regulate and Tax Adult Use of Marijuana Initiative” is approved by the voters in the November 2016 election, or if nonmedical cannabis use otherwise becomes legal in the State of California, the provisions of this Chapter shall not apply to personal use of cannabis that is specifically exempted from state licensing requirements, that meets the definition of personal use or equivalent terminology under state law, and for which the individual receives no compensation whatsoever related to that personal use.  If a state law is adopted that legalizes nonmedical use of cannabis, the Treasurer-Tax Collector may implement this exemption to conform to such exemption for personal use as may be included in state law.
7.100.140        Administration of the tax.
A.        It shall be the duty of the Treasurer-Tax Collector to collect the taxes, penalties, fees, and perform the duties required by this Chapter.  
B.        For purposes of administration and enforcement of this Chapter generally, the Treasurer-Tax Collector may from time to time promulgate such administrative rules and procedures consistent with the purpose, intent, and express terms of this Chapter as he or she deems necessary to implement or clarify such provisions or aid in enforcement.
C.        The Treasurer-Tax Collector may take such administrative actions as needed to administer the tax, including but not limited to:
1.         Provide to all commercial cannabis business taxpayers forms for the reporting of the tax;
2.         Increase tax rates in accordance with this Chapter;
3.         Provide information to any taxpayer concerning the provisions of this Chapter;
4.         Receive and record all taxes remitted to the County as provided in this Chapter;
5.         Maintain records of taxpayer reports and taxes collected pursuant to this Chapter;
6.         Assess penalties and interest to taxpayers pursuant to this Chapter;
7.         Determine amounts owed and enforce collection pursuant to this Chapter.
7.100.150        Appeal procedure.
            Any taxpayer aggrieved by any decision of the Treasurer-Tax Collector with respect to the amount of tax, interest, penalties and fees, if any, due under this Chapter may appeal to the Board of Supervisors by filing a notice of appeal with the Clerk of the Board of Supervisors within fifteen days of the serving or mailing of the determination of tax due.  The Clerk shall fix a time and place for hearing such appeal, and the Clerk shall give notice in writing to such operator at the last known place of address.  The finding of the Board of Supervisors shall be final and conclusive and shall be served upon the appellant in the manner prescribed by this chapter for service of notice of hearing.  Any amount found to be due shall be immediately due and payable upon the service of the notice.
7.100.160        Enforcement - action to collect.
A.        Any taxes, penalties and/or fees required to be paid under the provisions of this Chapter shall be deemed a debt owed to the County.  Any person owing money to the County under the provisions of this Chapter shall be liable in an action brought in the name of the County for the recovery of such debt.  The provisions of this Section shall not be deemed a limitation upon the right of the County to bring any other action including criminal, civil and equitable actions, based upon the failure to pay the tax, penalties and/or fees imposed by this Chapter or the failure to comply with any of the provisions of this Chapter.
B.        In addition to any other remedies available under federal, state, or local law, if any amount required to be paid to the County under this Chapter is not paid when due, the Treasurer-Tax Collector may, within three (3) years after the amount is due record a certificate of lien specifying the amount of taxes, fees and penalties due, and the name and address of the individual or business as it appears on the records of Treasurer-Tax Collector.  The lien shall also specify that the Treasurer-Tax Collector has complied with all provisions of this Chapter in the determination of the amount required to be paid.  From the time of the filing for record, the amount required to be paid, together with penalties thereon, constitutes a lien upon all real property in the County owned by the individual or business, or subsequently acquired by the individual or business before the lien expires.  The lien has the force, effect, and priority of a judgment lien and shall continue for ten (10) years from of filing of the certificate unless sooner released or otherwise discharged.
C.        At any time within three (3) years after any individual or business is delinquent in the payment of any amount herein required to be paid or within three (3) years after the last recording of a certificate of lien under Subsection C of this Section, the Treasurer-Tax Collector may issue a warrant for the enforcement of any liens and for the collection of any amount required to be paid to the County under this Chapter.  The warrant shall be directed to the Sheriff and shall have the same effect as a writ of execution.  The warrant shall be levied and sale made pursuant to it in the same manner and with the same effect as a levy of and a sale pursuant to a writ of execution.  The Treasurer-Tax Collector may pay or advance to the Sheriff, the same fees, commissions and expenses for service provided by law for similar services pursuant to a writ of execution.  The Treasurer-Tax Collector shall approve the fees for publication in the newspaper.
D.        At any time within three (3) years after recording a lien against any individual or business, if the lien is not discharged and released in full, the Treasurer-Tax Collector may forthwith seize any asset or property, real or personal (including bank account), of the operator and sell at public auction the asset or property, or a sufficient part of it to pay the amount due together with any penalties and interest imposed for the delinquency and any cost incurred on account of the seizure and sale.  Assets or property of the business subject to seizure and sale subject to this Chapter shall not include any assets or property which is exempt from execution under the provisions of Code of Civil Procedure.
7.100.170        Apportionment.
If a business subject to the tax is operating both within and outside the unincorporated County, it is the intent of the County to apply the commercial cannabis business tax so that the measure of the tax fairly reflects the proportion of the taxed activity actually carried on in the County.  For purposes of apportionment as may be required by law, the Treasurer-Tax Collector may promulgate administrative procedures for apportionment in accordance with state law.   
7.100.180        Constitutionality and legality.
This tax is intended to be applied in a manner consistent with the United States and California Constitutions and state law. None of the tax provided for by this Chapter shall be applied in a manner that causes an undue burden upon interstate commerce, a violation of the equal protection and due process clauses of the Constitutions of the United States or the State of California or a violation of any other provision of the California Constitution or state law. 
7.100.190        Audit and examination of records and equipment.
A.        The Treasurer-Tax Collector shall have the power to audit and examine all books and records of persons engaged in cannabis businesses, including both state and federal income tax returns, California sales tax returns, or other evidence documenting the gross receipts of persons engaged in cannabis businesses, and, where necessary, all equipment, of any person engaged in cannabis businesses in the County, for the purpose of ascertaining the amount of commercial cannabis tax, if any, required to be paid by the provisions hereof, and for the purpose of verifying any statements or any item thereof when filed by any person pursuant to this Chapter.
B.        It shall be the duty of every person liable for the collection and payment to the County of any tax imposed by this Chapter to keep and preserve, for a period of at least three (3) years, all records as may be necessary to determine the amount of such tax as he or she may have been liable for the collection of and payment to the County, which records the Treasurer-Tax Collector or his/her designee shall have the right to inspect at all reasonable times.
7.100.200        Other licenses, permits, taxes, fees or charges.

            Nothing contained in this Chapter 7.100 shall be deemed to repeal, amend, be in lieu of, replace or in any way affect any requirements for any permit or license required by, under or by virtue of any provision of any other title or chapter of this code or any other ordinance or resolution of the county, nor be deemed to repeal, amend, be in lieu of, replace or in any way affect any tax, fee or other charge imposed, assessed or required by, under or by virtue of any other title or chapter of this code or any other ordinance or resolution of the county. Any references made or contained in any other title or chapter of this code to any licenses, license taxes, fees, or charges, or to any schedule of license fees, shall be deemed to refer to the licenses, license taxes, fees or charges, or schedule of license fees, provided for in other titles or chapters of this code.
7.100.210        Payment of tax does not authorize unlawful business.
            A.        The payment of a commercial cannabis business tax required by this Chapter, and its acceptance by the County, shall not entitle any person to carry on any cannabis business unless the person has complied with all of the requirements of this Code and all other applicable state laws.
B.        No tax paid under the provisions of this Chapter shall be construed as authorizing the conduct or continuance of any illegal or unlawful business, or any business in violation of any local or state law.
7.100.220        Deficiency determinations.
If the Treasurer-Tax Collector is not satisfied that any statement filed as required under the provisions of this Chapter is correct, or that the amount of tax is correctly computed, he or she may compute and determine the amount to be paid and make a deficiency determination upon the basis of the facts contained in the statement or upon the basis of any information in his or her possession or that may come into his or her possession within three (3) years of the date the tax was originally due and payable.  One or more deficiency determinations of the amount of tax due for a period or periods may be made.  When a person discontinues engaging in a business, a deficiency determination may be made at any time within three (3) years thereafter as to any liability arising from engaging in such business whether or not a deficiency determination is issued prior to the date the tax would otherwise be due.  Whenever a deficiency determination is made, a notice shall be given to the person concerned in the same manner as notices of assessment are given under Section 7.100.240.


7.100.230        Failure to report--nonpayment, fraud.
A.        Under any of the following circumstances, the Treasurer-Tax Collector may make and give notice of an assessment of the amount of tax owed by a person under this Chapter at any time:
1.         If the person has not filed a complete statement required under the provisions of this Chapter;
2.         If the person has not paid the tax due under the provisions of this Chapter;
3.         If the person has not, after demand by the Treasurer-Tax Collector, filed a corrected statement, or furnished to the Treasurer-Tax Collector adequate substantiation of the information contained in a statement already filed, or paid any additional amount of tax due under the provisions of this Chapter; or
4.         If the Treasurer-Tax Collector determines that the nonpayment of any business tax due under this Chapter is due to fraud, a penalty of twenty-five percent (25%) of the amount of the tax shall be added thereto in addition to penalties and interest otherwise stated in this Chapter and any other penalties allowed by law.
B.        The notice of assessment shall separately set forth the amount of any tax known by the Treasurer-Tax Collector to be due or estimated by the Treasurer-Tax Collector, after consideration of all information within the Treasurer-Tax Collector's knowledge concerning the business and activities of the person assessed, to be due under each applicable section of this Chapter, and shall include the amount of any penalties or interest accrued on each amount to the date of the notice of assessment.
7.100.240        Tax assessment - notice requirements.
The notice of assessment shall be served upon the person either by personal delivery, or by a deposit of the notice in the United States mail, postage prepaid thereon, addressed to the person at the address of the location of the business or to such other address as he or she shall register with the Treasurer-Tax Collector for the purpose of receiving notices provided under this Chapter; or, should the person have no address registered with the Treasurer-Tax Collector for such purpose, then to such person's last known address.  For the purposes of this Section, a service by mail is complete at the time of deposit in the United States mail.
7.100.250        Tax assessment - hearing, application and determination.
Within ten (10) days after the date of service the person may apply in writing to the Treasurer-Tax Collector for a hearing on the assessment.  If application for a hearing before the County is not made within the time herein prescribed, the tax assessed by the Treasurer-Tax Collector shall become final and conclusive.  Within thirty (30) days of the receipt of any such application for hearing, the Treasurer-Tax Collector shall cause the matter to be set for hearing before him or her not later than thirty-five (35) days after the receipt of the application, unless a later date is agreed to by the Treasurer-Tax Collector and the person requesting the hearing.   Notice of such hearing shall be given by the Treasurer-Tax Collector to the person requesting such hearing not later than five (5) days prior to such hearing.  At such hearing said applicant may appear and offer evidence why the assessment as made by the Treasurer-Tax Collector should not be confirmed and fixed as the tax due.  After such hearing the Treasurer-Tax Collector shall determine and reassess the proper tax to be charged and shall give written notice to the person in the manner prescribed in Section 7.100.240 for giving notice of assessment.
7.100.260        Conviction for chapter violation - taxes not waived.
The conviction and punishment of any person for failure to pay the required tax shall not excuse or exempt such person from any civil action for the tax debt unpaid at the time of such conviction.  No civil action shall prevent a criminal prosecution for any violation of the provisions of this Chapter or of any state law requiring the payment of all taxes.
7.100.270        Violation deemed misdemeanor.
Any person violating any of the provisions of this Chapter shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and shall be punishable therefore as provided in Chapter 1.20 of this Code.
7.100.280        Severability.
If any provision of this Chapter, or its application to any person or circumstance, is determined by a court of competent jurisdiction to be unlawful, unenforceable or otherwise void, that determination shall have no effect on any other provision of this Chapter or the application of this Chapter to any other person or circumstance and, to that end, the provisions hereof are severable.
7.100. 290       Remedies cumulative.
All remedies and penalties prescribed by this Chapter or which are available under Title 1 of the County Code and any other provision of law or equity are cumulative.  The use of one or more remedies by the County shall not bar the use of any other remedy for the purpose of enforcing the provisions of this Chapter.
7.100.300        Amendment or repeal.
Chapter 7.100 of the Monterey County Code may be repealed or amended by the Board of Supervisors without a vote of the people to the extent allowed by law.  However, as required by Article  XIII C of the California Constitution, voter approval is required for any amendment that would increase the rate of any tax levied pursuant to this Chapter.  The people of the County of Monterey affirm that the following actions shall not constitute an increase of the rate of a tax:
A.        The restoration of the rate of the tax to a rate that is no higher than that set by this Chapter, if the Board of Supervisors has acted to reduce the rate of the tax;
B.        An action that interprets or clarifies the methodology of the tax, or any definition applicable to the tax, so long as interpretation or clarification (even if contrary to some prior interpretation or clarification) is not inconsistent with the language of this Chapter; or
C.        The collection of the tax imposed by this Chapter, even if the County had, for some period of time, failed to collect the tax.
SECTION 3.  SEVERABILITY. If any section, subsection, sentence, clause or phrase of this ordinance is for any reason held to be invalid, such decision shall not affect the validity of the remaining portions of this ordinance.  The Board of Supervisors hereby declares that it would have passed this ordinance and each section, subsection, sentence, clause and phrase thereof, irrespective of the fact that any one or more sections, subsections, sentences, clauses, or phrases be declared invalid.

SECTION 4.  EFFECTIVE DATE. This ordinance shall become effective on the thirty-first day following its adoption.  This ordinance shall become operative on January 1, 2017 and only if approved by a majority of the voters voting on the tax at an election.

SECTION 5.   BOARD AMENDMENTS.  The Board of Supervisors of the County of Monterey is hereby authorized to amend Chapter 7.100 of the Monterey County Code as adopted by this Ordinance in any manner that does not increase the tax rate above the maximum rate specified for each category of business or otherwise constitute a tax increase for which voter approval is required by Article XIII C of the California Constitution

PASSED AND ADOPTED this 19th day of July, 2016, by the following vote:

AYES: Supervisors Phillips, Salinas, Parker and Potter
NOES: None
ABSTAIN: Supervisor Armenta
____/s/ Jane B. Parker___________________
Jane Parker, Chair
Monterey County Board of Supervisors

A T T E S T :                                                              

APPROVED AS TO FORM:

/s/ Wendy S. Strimling 

WENDY S. STRIMLING
Senior Deputy County Counsel

GAIL T. BORKOWSKI                                                       
Clerk of the Board

 

By: ___Gail T. Borkowski____

 

 

 

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